Despite the notoriety she gained for her sexual escapades, Catherine's importance to the flowering of Russian literature was immense. One of her driving ambitions during her thirty-four-year reign was to advance Russian culture, and she patronized Russian authors and artists accordingly.
Please find attached to my essay a PowerPoint presentation with maps and pictures mostly taken from Wikipedia. Among them, the paper noted, was a suggestion that fortunately was never acted upon — move a US naval carrier group into the Baltic Sea as a symbol of resolve.
This suggestion is just plain silly.
The Baltic is a shallow inland sea that is too small for a carrier group to operate. The Baltic Sea has never been a mare clausum, a sea closed to specific states. Even during the Swedish dominance of the 17th century, Dutch and English merchantmen insisted on their right to freely enter the Baltic.
Yet it remained very much a Lutheran pond culturally with German as the lingua franca. The Barents Sea and its inlet the White Sea was far away and hard to reach, although the passage to the ice-bound Arctic waters was known already during Novgorod times and monasteries had been built in the North of Russia.
The most famous is the Solovetsky Monastery on an island in the White Sea.
English ships seeking the Northeast Passage to China reached Archangelsk in the midth century and established their first contacts with Muscovy. First attempts to secure an outlet to the Baltic Sea were made in the 15th century. The citadel he built was intended to rival the Hermann Castle Hermannsborg constructed by the Danes two centuries earlier.
The two forts still face each other in a most symbolic way over the border river separating Estonia and Russia, the European Union and the Russian Federation.
After the partition of Poland and the final victory over Sweden inAlexander I was the master of the eastern littoral of the Baltic Sea all the way from the Finnish coast of the Gulf of Bothnia to present-day Lithuania.
The triumph over Napoleon saw Imperial Russia emerge as the predominant military power of Europe and the hegemon of the Baltic Sea. Poland was partitioned at the end of the 18th century by Russia and Prussia, later the German Reich. Sandwiched between two mighty neighbors, Poland was set to repeat its tragic fate again in World War II.
Historically, the Catholic Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was the first European power to challenge Muscovy allying itself on several occasions with the Turks and the Swedes or against the Swedes.
With the radical redrawing of the map of Poland afterPoland emerged for the first time in its history as a country with a homogenous population and a long Baltic Sea coast. But since the time of Varangians, the Baltic and the Black Sea have constantly interacted.
They also attacked and raided other naval bases and depots in the Gulf of Finland and Bothnia.
The Russian Baltic Fleet was the showcase of Imperial naval might.In August, I gave a royal history lecture series on a Baltic sea cruise. The first stop was Stockholm, Sweden, where I visited the royal palace, the official residence of King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Sylvia.
Dec 03, · NPR’s Book Concierge Our Guide To ’s Great Reads. by Nicole Cohen, David Eads, Rose Friedman, Becky Lettenberger, Petra Mayer, Beth Novey and Christina Rees – Published December 3, + free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. The Scarlet Empress is a American historical drama film made by Paramount Pictures about the life of Catherine the ashio-midori.com was directed and produced by Josef von Sternberg from a screenplay by Eleanor McGeary, loosely based on the diary of Catherine arranged by Manuel Komroff..
Even though substantial historical liberties . Catherine II also know referred to as Catherine the Great was a powerful and determined Empress who succeed Peter the Great in (). Catherine wanted to /5(3). Edition used: Cesare Bonesana di Beccaria, An Essay on Crimes and Punishments.
|Early years as empress||A prolific writer herself, Catherine corresponded regularly with the foremost men of her… First, a terrible plague broke out in Moscow ; along with the hardships imposed by the war, it created a climate of disaffection and popular agitation.|
|History: Russia/ Catherine The Great term paper||Catherine the Great Catherine the Great:|
|Origins and early experience||Isabel had been the youngest mistress of King Henry I, and their liaison resulted in a natural daughter, Isabel Elizabethborn c. When Isabel de Beaumont married Gilbert inshe took this daughter with her.|
|Essay title: Catherine the Great||They were cut down in a hail of gunfire in a half-cellar room of the house in Ekaterinburg, a city in the Ural mountain region, where they were being held prisoner. The daughters were finished off with bayonets.|
|Navigate Guide||John was the son of Gilbert, the marshal of the royal household of King Henry I.|
By the Marquis Beccaria of Milan. With a Commentary by M. de Voltaire. A New Edition Corrected. (Albany: W.C. Little & Co., ).