Background[ edit ] The issue of mass repressions was recognized before the speech. The speech itself was prepared based on the results of a special party commission chairman Pyotr PospelovP. The direct goal of the commission was to investigate the repressions of the delegates of the 17th Congressinof the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The 17th Congress was selected for investigations because it was known as "the Congress of Victors" in the country of "victorious socialism ", and therefore the enormous number of "enemies" among the participants demanded explanation.
James von Geldern The Cult of Personality, as Khrushchev would call it many years later, was in full swing by the end of the s. Although this implied no distortion of the truth for recent history, it demanded gross distortion of historical fact for the years of the Bolshevik underground, the Revolution, and the Civil War.
The Short Course of the History of the Communist Party, an ostensibly objective work written by a collective of historians, was published in Octoberand was soon a basic text of Stalinism that sold forty million copies throughout the world. Others beyond the long arm of Soviet law tipped their hats to Stalin, including Time Magazine, which made him its Man of the Year for The vitriol of the cult of personality was inspired by a pleiade of leading revolutionaries whose own careers had once eclipsed Stalin.
Lev Trotsky had been long exiled from the Soviet Union; and he seemed lucky in when his former comrades and rivals Grigorii Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev had been tried and shot.
In March it was the turn of Nikolai Bukharin and others, who were tried and shot for participation in the so-called Anti-Soviet Bloc of Rightists and Trotskyites.
The often bizarre accusations, reflecting the revisionist agenda of Stalinist history, were terribly unjust; but it must be noted that none of the victims had ever spoken out when earlier trials had devoured similarly innocent people.
The idealized figure of Stalin represented in mass culture also spoke to a perceived need for vigorous leadership in Soviet society.
Thus Stalin often appeared in a magnetic aura of charisma that went far beyond his political role, leaving many of the Soviet citizens lucky enough to meet him mesmerized.
The charisma could also be transferred to other exemplary Soviet citizens, whose accomplishments were held up to others and, with the institution of the Stalin Prizes in Decemberrichly rewarded. The passion for rewriting history so prevalent in even inspired the rehabilitation of historical figures who had once exerted decisive leadership analogous to Stalin Peter the Great, for instancebut whose politics had once barred them from the Soviet pantheon.The visage of Joseph Stalin once blanketed Moscow.
But in the years since he died, his successors have relaxed official adoration of him and even allowed some criticism. The result: he was. What was Stalins personality? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 6 Answers. that it was actually done), so we create assessments of Stalin's personality based on how we imagine he must have been to have committed such atrocities, and invent reasons why he could have done it.
When we look at the atrocities more closely, however, it is clear that in. The maintenance of Stalin’s ‘Cult of Personality’ “Glory to Stalin – to the great architect of Communism!” () Stalinist propaganda was everywhere, indoctrinating the peoples, conditioning them to believing that Stalin was infallible and god-like, working to achieve perfect socialism with regards to the best interests of the people.
By , Stalin harnessed a great deal of persuasion over the Russian military. He used it carry out assassinations of counter-revolutionaries in order to protect Lenin and the Bolshevik cause.
In , following Lenin’s death, he successfully consolidated power. The term “cult of personality” has been applied to the regime-sponsored deification of many communist leaders, but is most often used to refer to the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin.
The Bolshevik tyrant started consciously shaping his persona early on, and changed his last name from Dzhugashvili. The maintenance of Stalin’s ‘Cult of Personality’ “Glory to Stalin – to the great architect of Communism!” () Stalinist propaganda was everywhere, indoctrinating the peoples, conditioning them to believing that Stalin was infallible and god-like, working to achieve perfect socialism with regards to the best interests of the people.